Building high-quality software works on a simple system- keep an eye on the fundamental factors that influence the software development process to reduce the signs of erroneous software, and proceed to develop and sustain standard software every time.
Software development best practices are used to achieve just that. They are around implying tested and validated methods and don’t end at solely troubleshooting, but go under the surface to tackle the underlying difficulty of bad quality software.
If we look at the market scenario, it’s quite evident that the need for software programmers has been on the growth for some time now without any indication of stopping.
As per a survey, the software developer job is predicted to increase by 21% by 2028. It is quicker than the standard proposed rate of expansion for all jobs (5%).
Here is a report by Statista showing the enterprise software market income globally from 2017 to 2024
Image Source: Statista.com
The rise in demand has a vital impact on business goals and executing the latest strategies. It’s high time that tech recruiters improved their approach, and programmers must recalibrate their objectives, so hiring doesn’t turn out to be a serious hiccup.
Here come the software development security best practices that everyone wants to know! If you are one of them, then look no further as I have come up with some remarkable tactics that not only keep your software development process secure but even effective and successful.
Software Development Best Practices Checklist
1. Learn to Examine your Test Thoroughly
Don’t avoid any test outcomes. The result might be “fail” or “pass”. However, resolving the fundamental reason for “failure” is going to give you the resolution to the issue. Being a tester, you are easily replaceable, if you merely log the bugs.
2. Learn to Boost the Text Coverage while Testing an App
100% test analysis is perhaps not possible, but you can always work to reach closer to it. To do so, you can break your AUT (Application Under Test) into tinier operational modules.
For instance, let’s suppose that you have a segmented web app in modules and one of the modules is “accepting user data.” You can divide this “User information” display into multiple parts for inscribing test cases parts, including:
- UI Testing
- Functional Testing
- Security Testing, and more.
3. Recruit the Best Resources
Recruiting expertise with apt skills and appropriate experience is essential to guarantee the success of a project. It is even vital to designate the right work for a suitable person. Similarly, spending on tools that improve productivity and strengthen the team’s efficiency is very significant.
The recent PCs, relevant updated hardware, development, and testing tools, as well as automated tools, are going to assist the organization in putting their proficiency to the proper usage and guarantee a powerful product.
4. Choose the Right Development Methodology
The software development life cycle relies massively on the strategy embraced. The agile methodology, waterfall pattern, iterative spiral way are all established methods of attaining success.
Choosing the one that accommodates the particular project is of ultimate significance. The real adherence to and the app of the picked procedure is what strikes the project’s success. It is usually a great concept to make a little prototype to analyze feasibility or investigate new technology.
5. Make Sound Opinions
Several projects fail or overshoot the time limit because of inadequate predictions for budget, schedule, resources, and efforts. It is most beneficial to utilize established evaluation methods. Tweaking foretells to impracticability short-plan a project is going to most likely close in disaster.
6. Determine Smaller Milestones
Complement the vital milestones and bigger projects with mini-milestones to provide better tractability, enhanced control, and more reliable hazard reduction.
Team shareholders can stay side by side to consider and arrange these small milestones with the larger milestones to fulfill the complete schedule and lessen inter-dependency setbacks.
7. Set Requirements
One of the best software development best practices is setting up your requirements. Effective requirement collection sets the basis for regulating the completed product with the company goals.
Discussions and understanding of documented needs between the shareholders (User, business administration, and team leads, for instance) are necessary.
There is a necessity to determine primary, derived, and inevitable needs, both operational and non-operational. You can capture the functionality with the use-case circumstances. Fault tolerance, performance, design, system, and architectural necessities should also be well-catered.
8. Specify System Architecture
A great system architect will guarantee that the proper architecture is picked, keeping the needs, limitations, and constraints in mind, if any. Best methods, including examining the perils and anti-patterns are successful.
9. Optimize Design
The design should be optimal and modular. Distributing and balancing functionality over modules can create or destroy a project. The object-oriented program is one such system that guarantees modularity.
It depends on the programmers to guarantee that the chosen strategy is implemented well to attain “maximum cohesion, minimum coupling”. Code reusability is usually an under-utilized factor in design, and if leveraged well, can conserve a lot of energy and decrease expenses in the long run.
10. Successful Code Execution
Utilizing smaller modules, which are self-tested, coded, unit tested and constantly incorporated is a secure software development best practice, used broadly.
Automating development tools and automated running of backsliding test sets for each combined functionality is also suggested to guarantee that present functionality isn’t cracked.
11. Precise Testing and Authorization
Test preparation, test set production, and testing are necessary to verify the built functionality. Test planning needs to be autonomous of coding and can be performed simultaneously to the coding phase.
Test reporting, defect tracking, effective defect reporting, and defect resolution are equally vital. Usage of automated utilities with well-introduced processes for these is going to make sure that bugs are discovered at the initial stage and solved reasonably.
A few levels of the testing are:
- Unit Testing
- System Testing
- Functionality Testing
- Integration Testing
- Performance Testing
Each stage demands its own planning, expertise, and implementation.
12. Comprehensive Documentation
This document consists of the project plan, High-Level Design (HLD), requirement specifications, Low-Level Design (LLD), test reports, status reports, test plans, and user documentation.
Several times, these documents are a section of the deliverables stipulated by the stakeholders or customer as well. They aid you in maintaining comprehending the software, guarantee trackability, and eliminate provinces upon the key development team.
13. Plan Reviews
Reviews are successful and much cheaper in knowing defects than testing. Review planning, supervision, and struggle resolution use numerous established methods and best practices. Peer reviews and expert reviews are quite useful.
14. Quality Management
Efficient quality administration helps in more fluid and quicker implementation of the project. From tool-based error tracking to quality metrics, the most useful practices have established flourishing in determining the willingness of the project for the succeeding phase or delivery.
Targets and metrics can be placed to make sure that the need, code, design, test plan, and additional deliverables and reports are reliable.
Quality agents and quality examiners are core proficient specialists that a few companies hire, who assist in auditing the projects for quality.
15. Effective Installation and Execution
There are several times when lab-tested projects fail during original installation and deployment. Effective implementation plans and an executive checklist can be utilized to prevent such disasters.
16. Attend to Operations, Support, and Maintenance
Even while the executed software is functional, developed procedures and systems must be in a position to support user issues and inform them back to the preservation team efficiently. Customer analysis software and bug tracking tools are essential here.
17. Successful Project Management
Productive project management, as well as leadership, lead to responsibility and assist the team. The project supervisor can promote efficient preparation, budgeting, tracking for the project. Besides, ensures that relevant resources are accessible to the team. Process adherence and risk management are attained via good project management.
QA Testing Manual & Automation Tools
Kinds of Software Testing Tools
1. Open Source Tools
- It is free of cost.
- Several open-source utilities are built to resolve a specific issue, so examinations should be done.
- Numerous tools can be integrated to work suitably.
- It can be modified and extended to meet the testing requirements.
2. Custom Tools
- At times, the testing team figures out that they have a few specific requirements for which no vendor or open-source utility is present.
- Factors might be a hardware issue, customized surroundings, or a procedure that might have been tailored.
- Crucial to view the motive, benefits, aim, downsides, and negative problems.
Competence to Think for Tool Selection
- Will the utility understand the requirement?
- Can the design be created automatically?
- Will the tool design the test ware?
- Can the test data be built automatically?
- Can the code be developed automatically?
3. Data and Test Selection
- How will the tool choose the data?
- Can the utility accept the selection method?
- Can the utility check which test should be based on coverage?
- Does the utility run manually or automatically?
- How does the tool stop or restart?
- Should the utility update the test cases automatically?
- How does the software check, if it captures appropriate outcomes?
- What sort of recovery ability does the tool have?
Also Read: Why Do Companies Outsource Software Development?
This brings me to the conclusion of the software development best practices checklist.
I have covered some remarkable coding practices, documentation, and testing tricks to get the desired results.
As soon as you begin executing these tactics, you will build some amazing habits that are not going to merely better the software quality but even aid you with the entire development process.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to Choose Software Testing Tools?
Here are some points to think about while choosing a QA testing utility:
- Positive revenue to get high esteem on investment tools
- Recognize needs for the tool.
- Tools should be efficient and should encourage the team members in their jobs productively and efficiently.
- Assess company maturity.
- Assess vendor or tool support.
- Recognize the training needed for the tool.
- Estimate training requirements considering team aptitude.
What are the crucial categories of software?
Following are the software categories:
- System software
- Scientific software
- Embedded software
- Web Applications
- Application software
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) software
What are the Phases in a Software Development Lifecycle?
7 phases of the software development lifecycle (SDLC):
- Requirement Analysis
- Feasibility Study Phase
- Design Phase
- Coding Phase
- Testing Phase
- Installation or Deployment Phase